A DELIBERATE ACT
I hope that you have not lost focus, the point I am trying to make is that when Lagos was the capital, northern military Head of State invested only a drop or a fraction of what was needed in infrastructure and housing. The north led federal government had not invested a single kobo in electricity generation in
(III) ACCESSIBILITY TO OTHER NIGERIANS.
Perhaps this may sound a little bit convincing, at a first glance. But taking a closer look, I am asking the following questions. Should the fact that Lagos is far from the north justify spending billions of dollars that belong to the south to build a new capital from the scratch that will be closer to Kano, Kaduna, Zaria, Maiduguri, Sokoto, e.t.c.? To avoid repetition, I want to implore everybody reading this article to please go back and read my observations again most especially those relating to the location of capitals at the edge. I want to remind you again that practically all the above mentioned countries have their capitals both by the sea/ocean and right at the edge.
How many countries in the world choose their capitals on the basis that it must be in the center so that they may be “equally accessible” to all its citizens? The former Soviet Union ( and the
(1) Building a new capital even for rich countries is an expensive expenditure which is not justified;
(2) Capitals of many countries emerged historically and naturally due to many economic factors and the role these cities had played in the past and still continue to play in trade and commerce today.
(3) You don’t use mathematics or geometry (except in
Undoubtedly, this was the main reason why the capital was moved from
So, what was the “main and hidden” motive of the north for shifting the capital to
The civil war showed and proved how really vulnerable a northern military Head of State was. If the Yorubas had maintained a “neutral position” in the civil war, it was obvious that the north was no match at all for the
The location of
To be completely honest and objective, in my opinion, another reason why Awolowo decided to join Gowon to fight against the Biafrans could also be:
(1) His wrong interpretation of Nzeogwu’s failed coup. Awolowo could had wrongfully interpreted (he might had been purposely misinformed or misled) the coup to be an Ndigbo coup to capture the whole of
(2) Awolowo’s personal political ambition. It was no secret that Papa Awo nurtured a presidential ambition and was determined to achieve his political ambition at any cost. He considered Pa Zik his main opponent for the seat then. Most likely, Papa Awo naively thought that if he supported Gowon in the so called “One Nigeria” war against the Biafrans, the north would appreciate it and thank him by voting overwhelmingly for him whenever Presidential election would be organised by the military. Afterall, the military can not be in power forever, he might have reasoned. Unfortunately, Papa Awo miscalculated. He naively thought that he knew the north very well or could trust them. If he had known better.
If we are to go by the second argument, then, it might be possible to assume that Awo was playing his own game too and did not fall into any Gowon’s trap. We will never know why Awo decided to join Gowon. Only history can judge him if he sacrificed the interest of the Yorubas in order to achieve his own political ambition which unfortunately did not materialise. Perhaps, Papa Awo meant good for the Yorubas.
While reflecting on the tragic events that took place in between 1967 and 1970, I want to point out that in my opinion, the fact that
As I have said before, if the Yorubas had declared
Why? Because if the north had rejected or opposed the two declarations, Gowon would definitely had been assassinated right in
The civil war opened the eyes of the north. Suddenly, they realised how vulnerable they were in the hands of the Yorubas who constituted one of the 3 major tribes in
Northern military officers needed a new capital which would not only make them not to be vulnerable security wise to any of the two major tribes, but which would also give them a complete protection, most especially, a base to launch attacks and mobilise in case of another civil war. This is the secret behind the emergence of
TO BE CONTINUED…