Nigeria: blue print recipe for good governance

There is a tacit reassurance and a bubbling confidence that the era of military interruption in government is now becoming an aberration and a far dream. The existence of some level of confidence and stability with the various tier of government and among the general populace have exuberated such confidence which is the product of several gallant sacrifice by lovers of democracy.

One glaring and noticeable deficiency in Nigeria since the emergency of democracy ,is that the Government at various levels, have made no modest attempt at providing and devising a blue print that will usher in a new look Nigeria. One thing is still all very dominant, is the perception of being a politician as equating “go and grab” your own share of resources.

As long as Nigerians and Nigeria does not resolve the critical issue around resource sharing and allocation, that fiercest competition for scarce resources will remain unending. This has created a decadent and corruption ridden society. The level of corruption has pervaded our basic societal fabric that it more of the norm than the rule.
When in 1984, late sanni Abacha announced during the now famous martial music broadcast.” Our hospitals have become death trap and consulting clinics” It comes as a surprise that after nearly three decades since then, we still have elected official travelling to India, turkey or Saudi Arabia for their routine medical/physical check up. No effort has been made to improve the health care management sector. It does not end with the building of beautifying edifices, but how equipped and functional those clinics/Hospital are or how affordable is the health care. How have we as a country taken tolls of our health care system. It is a system where there is absence of regulatory practice and management. It is a system where there exist sprout of private health care management scheme that disenfranchise the large majority. We do not need to make a medical doctor a minister for health to improve health care sector, that is a colossal waste of human resources, rather use the professional to implement reforms and let administrators manage ministries.

Nigeria pride itself as a wealthy nation, yet the quality of life of it citizen is way below the UN guideline poverty guidelines. There is not a dearth of solution to Nigeria’s problems, what however exist, is that; its citizens and leaders are engulfed by a virus of corruption and grab it all attitude. When renowned academia and scholars point to the structural defect of the foundation of Nigeria, there are clearly saying that there was not and has not been any since 1960 concerted efforts to create a Nigerian nation. Rather, all the era of colonization and independence did ,was to create a permanent dichotomy among the disparate ethnic nationalities.

There has been clarion call for the resolution of these defects, but every time the call was made, was met with political coloration to the solution. Every sections of the country sees different political solutions to the problems. Take for instance; while the Niger Delta will clamor for control of the oil resources and a shot at the power in the center, the North, East and West are primarily concerned with the geo-political equation of power and resource control. There has not been any effort to create a Nation state. A nation state maybe defined as a collectiveness of people who are autonomous and have shared belief and are willing to defend their shared beliefs. That definition cannot be said of Nigerians about Nigerian, it is not common to hear Nigerians refers to each others as “urhobo wayo, Onye Igbo sense, ayamiri, ofe manu, unege, nde muogo,Mba miri,Isuma , Ette, Etc ” these ethnic derogatory slangs shows the sharp divide and deep suspicion that we hold one another to.

Those Nigerians whose parents fought for the failed dreams of one Nigeria by settling and making a living in areas outside of their ethnic principalities are those paying the price. I may represent membership in that group, where once raised and breed in the old Bendel state, which rightly ,I can call home, where I have all my childhood and adolescent life, but today, any attempt by the likes of me to seek benefit in that state, will be met with “ go to your state of Origin”. The irony is that in my state of origin, I am an outsider, having made no childhood or adolescent network over there, this poses my dilemma!!!! And am sure there exist millions like me disenfranchise by state of origin saga.

Some years ago, when the idea of the national identity card was first mooted, I wrote stoutly in defense of it, I received various attacks to my support, particularly from a section of the country. In my reflection, I realized that the pocket of opposition was based on ethnic parochial interest centered on power and resource control. I reasoned that with an acceptable means of identification, it would lead to proper and accurate census and population. We all remember how the electoral figures for NPN 1979 presidential election results from Rivers state and Sokoto came higher than in 1993 option A election involving late Abiola and Tofa in the same states, in 10 year, supposedly the population in those states feel by over 50%, a feat that defies projection!!!

I think for there to ensure good governance, it does not take just one leader, it takes a collectiveness of sincere leadership. It requires grass root awareness and the acceptance that the fabric of our system is failed and that there is the need to fix it.
The first area to address is the replacement and maintenance of infrastructure by the various tiers of government.
Secondly, the resource control and allocation , defines power sharing and control at the center, we have witnessed the transition to militocracy of all our civilian leadership. Elected leadership at every sphere of government ,at executive level have all shown disregard for the rule of law, instead tended to lean toward resolving policy decisions through force, or fiat or a.k.a “abacha’s alacrity” Immediate effect. It is appalling to see elected civilian governors, make pronouncement like military dictatorship.

I have expressed this elsewhere that the biggest problem to the operation of a true federalism in Nigeria alongside, revenue sharing and resource control is the issue of police. We do not need a centralized police force for a federalist state. The ultimate control of the police is a tool for intimidation and political suppression. Every state should be chartered to operate their own police force to protect state properties and state highways, and the next stage would be for every local government areas to operate their own county police force to protect towns within the county/local government areas.
The argument that the police would become a tool for state governor’s control is mooted by the fact that Ngige as a sitting governor was kidnapped in the government house partly because the police force and control in the state was outside his control.

Since the university is a microcosm of the larger society, there is a need to reform our educational system, our higher institutions are so ridden with stories of corruption, abuse and God knows what else. In a society where the affluent parents bribe or engage in whatever corruption to see that their children secure the best possible admission and grades, will no doubt produce a ripple effect? The children assume that corruption is a way of life. The circle will continue and this is the sorry state of our decaying under funded educational system.

Another area of concern is the issue of big government, virtually every executive arm in Nigeria today is guilty of that, and the current administration has more ministers, advisers than the United States and some other European countries added together. Even some state Governors made such duplication of appointments that one begins to wonder, who is footing the monthly bill? Obviously not th

e taxpayers as there are non existent.
We have to as a nation, consciously understand that politics and political appointment is not a pathway to getting a grab for the national cake. Even our legislators do think their job is not answerable to their constituent, but how much they are able to draw from the national cake.
Our judicial arm is not divorced from all this ills. They are part of the society and have been corrupted too by the symbiotic relationship. It is uncommon to hear Nigerians say, for a judge to get rich, he or she need to be in an electoral tribunal.

There is the problem of transparency in our individual and collective dealing. The fear or suspicion of one another makes it harder to build a nation. A common example is of this distrust is visible, if a commuter boards a bus and sees a Nigerian from the northern region seating there, they rather stand all through. The same thing also happens in reverse depending on the location.
If there is an issue in some part of Nigeria, particularly in the Northern states, the anger is taken out on all eastern Nigerian origin.

As Nigerians, the issue of state of origin rears its head as a tool to discriminate against even a tax-paying citizen. In Lagos areas, the use of the “oro” masquerade is a tool to remind those residents that the issue of Lagos being a no mans land is fluke, that it belongs to them, an example is land sale where the role of the “Baale or omonile” aptly explains my point. This has resulted in Nigerians sheltered predominantly in their ethnic base. During the last election, an ingenious way of disenfranchising Nigerians was asking them to register in their states of origin regardless of whether they reside the or not!!! Who are we fooling? How can we develop as a nation if we do ingrain divisiveness as a state?

To be continued.

Written by
Ritchie Ejiofor
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